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Executive Summary

This Guide is a resource tool for people in the community and Members of Parliament who want to take action to make Australia and the World a better place for us, our children and our grandchildren. By providing information, resources and actions you can take, we hope that you’ll find some helpful information here as a starting point for finding out what’s happening and how you can make a difference.

Global organisations affecting Australia

It’s structured to provide an overview of the global organisations who have increasing influence over what Australia does and how they are connected. As well as how they impact on us at the Federal, State and Local levels. There is also an explanation as to why you should be concerned about these organisations.

You’ll find out about the:

  • United Nations (UN)
  • World Health Organisation (WHO)
  • World Economic Forum (WEF)
  • Group of Twenty (G20)
  • Group of Seven (G7)
  • C40Cities (C40)

Case studies

We’ve provided five case studies as a way of explaining the impact on Australians using examples of how different States and Territories are addressing them.

The Case Studies are:

Also provided is some key information about Australia, including sovereignty, the Constitution, international law and treaties.

Taking action and resources

You'll find a range of ideas for taking action by the Community and Members of Parliament, plus a list of information resources.

We hope you’ll find this information helpful and a starting point for your own research and actions.

Please stand up for our freedoms. If not now, when?

Copyright Aus Exits WHO.

21 July 2024

The UN, WHO, WEF, G20, G7 and C40 – A beginner’s guide

Octopus WEF WHO UN

How the UN, WHO, WEF, G20, G7, and C40 impact Australia

The United Nations (UN), World Health Organisation (WHO,) the World Economic Forum (WEF), the Group of Twenty (G20), the Group of Seven (G7) and the C40 Cities (C40) all impact on the way Australia operates within the world stage and within its own borders including:

  • Developing and implementing Federal, State and Local laws
  • Financially contributing to global issues
  • Contributing to global peacekeeping
  • Improving global social conditions
  • Improving global health
  • Participating in surveillance of citizens
  • Building communities to address large-scale global challenges
  • Developing world, national and state leaders
  • Developing smart cities and urban transformation using technology
  • Actioning ‘climate change’, energy sustainability and Net Zero.

 The connections between all of the agencies plus their goals, centres, committees, and working groups are too complex to adequately represent in a diagram. Collectively, they represent an octopus or spiderweb of organisations with apparent good intent, but increasingly are exerting extreme control over our world. It’s bureaucracy on steroids and if you delve further into corporations, central banks and their ownership, families of enormous wealth and follow where the money goes it becomes even murkier. This information is just a starting point for your further research.

Go here and do stuff: Take Action

Why should Australians be concerned?

These organisations and groups have ‘noble causes,’ but over time, the nature of what they do and the amount of power they wield over nations is increasing, and not always for the better. Particularly concerning is the increasing threat to a nation’s sovereignty, and its ability to self-govern due to the subjugation of Australia by these International Bodies through the introduction of Australian law developed in response to international laws and international treaties. The management of the COVID-19 ‘pandemic’ is a prime example of this, together with the push towards increased surveillance, the push to Net Zero, and increasingly, a move towards a one-world government thereby over-riding Australian government powers.

All of the above organisations have overlapping agendas and tentacles into every facet of the way we live our daily lives. The Australian government will transfer any blame for dictatorship policies and mandates to the organisation which decided them, for example the WHO with its pandemic management plans. Rather than taking responsibility and standing up and saying no, these policies are not suitable for Australia and we will manage our country as we see fit. However, we will acknowledge the impact that the way Australia manages the issues may impact on how they are handled on a global scale.

The Australian Constitution provides the basic rules for the government of Australia and is the fundamental law of Australia. “What has been judicially described as ‘the sovereignty of the Australian people’ is also recognised by section 128 which provides that any change to the Constitution must be approved by the people of Australia.” That is, we would need to have a Referendum to change the Constitution.

If the move to a one-world government was successful, Australia would lose its sovereignty as an independent nation, our Constitution would be compromised, and the Australian government would become even more of a puppet to unelected bureaucrats in international organisations such as the UN, WHO and WEF. This must be stopped, let our Members of Parliament know and help them understand that unless they stand up to this now, they really will be redundant.

Find out more about the Constitution

Go here and do stuff: Take Action

United Nations (UN)

“The United Nations (UN) is an association of independent countries that agreed to work together to prevent and end wars. The UN also attempts to improve social conditions by promoting international cooperation, economic development, public health, environmental conservation, and human rights.”

The UN was founded in 1945 with Australia, a founding member, admitted on 1 November 1945. According to the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia is the 11th largest contributor to the UN regular budget. We are also the 12th largest financial contributor to UN peacekeeping.

The UN has developed the 2030 Agenda and associated Sustainable Development Goals. They state that “the Goals are calls to action to promote prosperity while protecting the planet.” But are they really just a way of exerting world-wide control?

The 2030 Agenda has 17 Sustainable Development Goals:

  1. No poverty (aka put everyone on government welfare, teach mass victimisation and obedience)
  2. Zero hunger (aka increase genetically modified organisms and use of herbicides)
  3. Good health and well-being (aka mandatory medicine, mass medication “prevention programs”)
  4. Quality education (aka dumb down the education system to reduce critical thinkers)
  5. Gender equality (aka marginalise heterosexuality, suppress masculine energy, promote LGBT)
  6. Clean water and sanitation (aka allow corporations to seize control of world’s water supplies)
  7. Affordable and clean energy (aka penalise coal, gas and oil and promote inefficient “green energy”)
  8. Decent work and economic growth (aka overregulate small business, force hiring quotas, destroy the free market economy)
  9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure (aka put nations into extreme debt with the World Bank)
  10. Reduced inequalities (aka give everyone third world living standards to achieve “equality”)
  11. Sustainable cities and communities (aka herd everyone into smart cities under constant surveillance)
  12. Responsible consumption and production (aka levy punitive taxes on consumption of goods and services including fossil fuels and electricity)
  13. Climate action (aka set energy consumption quotas, demonise animal agriculture, penalise private vehicle ownership)
  14. Life below water (aka ban most ocean fishing, criminalise private fishing, restrict ocean access)
  15. Life on land (aka force people off the land into controlled cities, ban gardening and hunting)
  16. Peace, justice and strong institutions (aka grant citizenship on mass to refugees)
  17. Partnerships for the goals (aka enact global trade mandates and pacts)

The UN’s 2024 Sustainable Development Goals Report indicated “that nearly half the 17 targets are showing minimal or moderate progress, while over a one-third are stalled or going in reverse, since they were adopted.”

“The United Nations can take action on a wide variety of issues due to its unique international character and the powers vested in its Charter, which is considered an international treaty. As such, the UN Charter is an instrument of international law, and UN Member States are bound by it.”

World Health Organisation (WHO)

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations (UN) responsible for international public health. It is also a World Economic Forum (WEF) partner. Australia has been a member of the WHO since the Organization's establishment in 1948 and contributes to the WHO through the provision of both financial and expert technical assistance.

Australia is following WHO directives through the establishment of the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) on 1 January 2024. The interim CDC is headed by Chief Medical Officer Professor Paul Kelly and is part of the Department of Health and Aged Care. The CDC will build on Australia’s capabilities following the WHO One Health approach and Health Security activities.

The two key documents that the WHO pushed for acceptance by Member States (including Australia) at the 77th World Health Assembly on 27 May to 1 June 2024 were:

  1. The Pandemic Treaty – this will now be finalised within 12 months of June 2024
  2. International Health Regulations (IHR) – was finalised at the Assembly. See the revised version.

These two documents can be found on the W.H.O. Insights website.

The WHO dictated how the COVID-19 ‘pandemic’ was managed across the world. Australia enabled this to occur through the introduction of ‘Emergency powers’ on 18 March 2020 through the declaration of a human biosecurity emergency pursuant to section 475 of the Biosecurity Act 1025.

This was regardless of the Department of Health and Aged Cares “Australian Health Management Plan for Pandemic Influenza” dated 2019 which appears to have been ignored when managing Covid-19.

The Department of Health and Aged Care continues to work closely with the WHO on “Strengthening global health and international pandemic response.”

Find out how Australia managed the overall pandemic response on The Parliament of Australia website in: “Australian COVID-19 response management arrangements: a quick guide.” It outlines the emergency and pandemic planning arrangements prior to 2020 and those arrangements established in 2020.

World Economic Forum (WEF)

“The World Economic Forum is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. It provides a global, impartial and not-for-profit platform for meaningful connection between stakeholders to establish trust, and build initiatives for cooperation and progress.” The World Economic Forum (WEF) was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab who continues to be the Executive Chairman. Australia is a member of the WEF and Jim Chalmers is our Representative.

The WEF has a Forum of Young Global Leaders which “is a community with the vision, courage and influence to drive positive change.” In the class of 2024, Kate Fitz-Gibbon Professor (Practice), Faculty of Business and Economics, Monash University, represents Australia. Previous Australian members of the Forum include: Clare O’Neil (Minister for Home Affairs and Cybersecurity), Jason Li Yat-Sen (Pro-Chancellor of the University of Sydney, CEOs of various companies, members of the military, current Senators Andrew Bragg, Sarah Hanson-Young, MP Andrew Charlton and previous elected representatives Greg Hunt, Peter Costello, Joe Hockey, and Natasha Stott-Despoja.

In October 2019, the WEF conducted a live simulation exercise to prepare public and private leaders for a pandemic response. Event 201, as it was called, was held in Geneva, Switzerland, and was attended by Jane Halton, Board member, ANZ Bank; Former Secretary of Finance and Former Secretary of Health, Australia. So, can we assume that the WEF and the WHO knew there would be a pandemic in 2020? Quite possibly.

The WEF has 10 Centres to drive change, build communities and address large-scale global challenges. The Centres overlap with the UN’s 2030 Agenda and many of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals.

The WEF Centres are:

  1. Centre for Advanced Manufacturing and Supply Chains (aims to achieve net-zero industries)
  2. Centre for Cybersecurity (aims to ensure digital and technological progress)
  3. Centre for Energy and Materials (accelerating sustainable and equitable energy aka ‘green energy’, wind farms, solar farms)
  4. Centre for Financial and Monetary Systems (aka Central Bank Digital Currency – CBDC’s)
  5. Centre for Health and Healthcare (using artificial intelligence to improve healthcare)
  6. Centre for Nature and Climate (achieving net zero emissions, responsible land and sea management aka climate change)
  7. Centre for Regions, Trade and Geopolitics (sustainable growth through trade and investment)
  8. Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (aka artificial intelligence)
  9. Centre for the New Economy (artificial intelligence, autonomous systems, digital technology etc).

Group of Twenty (G20)

The Group of Twenty (G20), of which, Australia is a member “is the main forum for international economic cooperation. It plays an important role in defining and strengthening global architecture and governance on all major international economic issues.” The G20 is a forum for finance ministers and central bank governors, meets annually and has annually rotating presidencies. The G20 also runs the G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance. The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade is one of the agencies that represents Australia at the G20.

“The G20 is made up of 19 countries (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Russia, Türkiye, UK and USA) and two regional bodies: the African Union and the European Union. The members of the G20 represent around 85% of the world's GDP, more than 75% of world trade and around two-thirds of the world's population.”

The G20 currently has the following Working Groups:

  1. Agriculture
  2. Anti-corruption
  3. Culture
  4. Development
  5. Digital Economy
  6. Disaster Risk Reduction
  7. Education
  8. Employment
  9. Energy Transitions
  10. Climate and Environmental Sustainability
  11. Health
  12. Tourism
  13. Trade and Investment
  14. Women's Empowerment
  15. Research and Innovation.

Group of Seven (G7)

The Group of Seven (G7) is an informal forum that brings together Italy, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America. The European Union also participates in the Group and is represented at the summits by the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission.” Australia is not part of the G7, however, its allies are.

“The Group was established as a platform for economic and financial cooperation in response to the 1973 energy crisis.” Russia was part of the forum but was suspended due to its war with Ukraine.

 The G7 meets annually with one of the Member States taking the leadership role on a rotating basis. The nation holding the presidency hosts the Summit, group work and plays a key role in setting the agenda and key priorities. The group focuses on a wide range of issues including the climate-energy nexus and food security.

The G7 Summit was held on 13 to 15 June 2024 with follow-up meetings held with member states Ministers to discuss a range of topics after the Summit. In the lead up to the Summit a range of meetings were held on:

  1. Industry, tech and digital
  2. Transport
  3. Foreign affairs
  4. Climate, energy and environment
  5. Justice
  6. Finance, education
  7. Science and technology
  8. Trade
  9. Urban development
  10. Labour and employment
  11. Culture, agriculture
  12. Interior
  13. Gender equality and women’s empowerment
  14. Health
  15. Inclusion and disability
  16. Tourism
  17. Foreign affairs
  18. Development

C40Cities (C40)

C40 is a global network of nearly 100 mayors of the world’s leading cities that are united in action to confront the climate crisis. Australia has two cities involved in this network – Sydney and Melbourne.

“Mayors of C40 cities are committed to using an inclusive, science-based and collaborative approach to cut their fair share of emissions in half by 2030, help the world limit global heating to 1.5°C, and build healthy, equitable and resilient communities. C40 supports mayors to do this by:

Health Case Study

Health case study

The Australian Health Care system is complex, with multiple agencies involved and increasing burdens of illness and chronic diseases within our community. It should really be renamed the “Australian Illness Management System” as it has a heavy reliance on, and is, intertwined with the pharmaceutical industry, while natural immunity, and traditional treatments using nutrition, diet, herbs, and exercise to name a few, are either ignored or denigrated as not ‘following the science’.

Why should Australians be concerned?

While our health care system, and the staff who work within it, has many good points, unfortunately as seen during the COVID-19 Pandemic Management it has become corrupted with AHPRA gagging doctors and Australia, along with other world governments, ignoring their existing robust Pandemic Management Guidelines in favour of those imposed by the WHO. Everyone can make a difference by taking action now to improve the healthcare system, especially to move its focus from illness to wellness. Investing time in improving your knowledge of your own health, immunity and natural approaches to healthcare and wellbeing will take the power back into your hands and away from the pharmaceutical companies who just want to make money.

Go here and do stuff: Take Action

The following is a brief outline of how international agencies and domestic agencies influence the Australian health system and how Members of Parliament (MP’s) and members of the public can make a difference.

International Level

UN

  • The 2030 Agenda - 17 Sustainable Development Goals, in particular
    • Goal 3: Good health and well-being – ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

WHO

  • Pandemic Treaty
    • to be negotiated and finalised by 1 June 2025
  • International Health Regulations (IHR)
    • were finalised on 1 June 2024
    • These are the items that were removed from the proposed amendments to the IHRs’:
      • The "pathogen access and benefit sharing system," the biowarfare agent lending library
      • One Health
      • Medical mandates
      • Digital vaccine passports (aka digital IDs)
      • Blank check to WHO
      • Removal of human rights
      • Ability to call emergencies other than health, like a climate emergency
      • Ability to restrict drugs, move medications from country to country, require vaccinations
      • Ability to order countries to pass laws demanded by WHO
      • Demand to roll out untested, unlicensed vaccines
      • Demand to give liability shields to unlicensed vaccines and drugs
      • Ability to commandeer products
  • Addressing misinformation and disinformation still remains in the amended IHR’s.
  • The Pandemic Treaty will continue to be negotiated over the next 12 months and finalised in 2025.
  • The following are what was agreed to at the WHO 77th World Health Assembly held 27 May to 1 June 2024:
    • 1 Jun 2024 - Part A
    • 1 Jun 2024 – Part B
      • Agreed on aligning participation of Palestine in WHO with its participation in the UN
      • Agreed to convene a Strategic Roundtable on climate change and health
    • 31 May 2024
      • Passed resolution recognising climate change as imminent threat to global health
      • Mandated WHO to develop a strategy on economics and financing for health
      • New resolution on leveraging sports events for health and wellbeing
      • Requested WHO to continue to support Ukraine and refugee-hosting countries
      • Strengthened commitment to eradicate polio through immunization
      • Called for increasing research on Monkeypox
      • Endorsed strengthening of health emergency preparedness
      • Strengthen roadmap towards global health and peace
      • Strengthen laboratory biological risk management
    • 30 May 2024
      • New groundbreaking transplant agreement
      • New global action plan for infection prevention and control
      • Commitment to recover lost progress in maternal, newborn and child survival
      • Renewed global strategy on digital health (artificial intelligence)
      • New resolution on antimicrobial resistance
      • Address sexual misconduct as a priority
      • Reaffirmed commitment to immunization and vaccines.
    • 29 May 2024
      • First-ever resolution of social participation for primary healthcare
      • New strategy development for emergency, critical and operative care
      • Agreement to integrate mental health and psychosocial support in emergency response
    • 28 May 2024
      • Approved a four-year global health strategy for US$11.1Billion with an emphasis on climate change, aging, migration, pandemic threats, and equity.
    • One Health – people, animals, and ecosystems. Now removed from IHR’s (but is embedded in the Pandemic Treaty) as a result of the WHO 77th World Health Assembly held 27 May to 1 June 2024, however, they are effectively incorporated into the remit of the Australian Centre for Disease Control
    • Health Security – minimizing the danger of acute public health events across the globe
    • Mandatory vaccinations
    • Vaccine passports
    • Lockdowns
    • Cyber security and surveillance
    • Climate change and health
    • Disease management guidelines.

WEF

  • 10 Centres “to build communities of purpose essential to addressing large-scale global challenges.” The following Centres have particular relevance to health:

G20

Domestic Level

How the Australian Health System works

The Department of Health and Aged Care outlines how the Australian health system operates. The following information outlining the roles of government is taken directly from their website (as at 7 July 2024). The Federal, state and territory, and local governments share responsibility for running our health system.

Australian Government responsibilities

  • Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS)
  • Pharmaceutical Benefits Schedule (PBS)
  • supporting and regulating private health insurance
  • supporting and monitoring the quality, effectiveness and efficiency of primary health care services
  • subsidising aged care services, such as residential care and home care, and regulating the aged care sector
  • collecting and publishing health and welfare information and statistics through the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
  • funding for health and medical research through the Medical Research Future Fund and the National Health and Medical Research Council
  • funding veterans’ health care through the Department of Veterans’ Affairs
  • funding community controlled Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary healthcare organisations
  • maintaining the number of doctors in Australia (through Commonwealth-funded university places) and ensuring they are distributed equitably across the country
  • buying vaccines for the national immunisation program
  • regulating medicines and medical devices through the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA)
  • subsidising hearing services
  • coordinating access to organ and tissue transplants
  • ensuring a secure supply of safe and affordable blood products
  • coordinating national responses to health emergencies, including pandemics
  • ensuring a safe food supply in Australia and New Zealand
  • protecting the community and the environment from radiation through nuclear safety research, policy, and regulation

State, territory and local government responsibilities

  • managing and administering public hospitals
  • delivering preventive services such as breast cancer screening and immunisation programs
  • funding and managing community and mental health services
  • public dental clinics
  • ambulance and emergency services
  • patient transport and subsidy schemes
  • food safety and handling regulation
  • regulating, inspecting, licensing and monitoring health premises

Shared responsibilities

The Commonwealth also shares responsibility with the states and territories for other activities under national agreements such as the Council of Australian Governments (COAG). Note: COAG was replaced by the National Cabinet in May 2020 but the Department of Health and Aged Care still refers to COAG.

These other activities include:

Find your state or territory health department.

Local governments play an important role in the health system. They provide a range of environmental and public health services, community-based health and home care services.

 Other regulatory bodies

The Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) works in partnership with the National Boards to ensure that Australia’s registered health practitioners are suitably trained, qualified and safe to practise. During COVID-19, AHPRA gagged doctors from speaking out about anything that challenged the governments COVID-19 vaccination program and alternative treatment protocols. Those that did speak out, had their licenses suspended and some were ultimately cancelled.

The current CEO Martin Fletcher, who has been at AHPRA since 2009, is a former employee of the WHO where he established a global program of work in patient safety. According to their website, AHPRA “is a designated World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre for Health Workforce Regulation.”

“As a WHO collaborating centre, AHPRA:

  • supports WHO in its activities towards the adoption of contemporary regulatory approaches to health workforce regulation
  • assists WHO in providing technical support to strengthen health workforce regulatory systems in Member States, and
  • upon request from WHO, strengthens the capacity, skills and knowledge of regulators in Member States under WHO’s guidance.”

Commonwealth Government COVID-19 Response Inquiry

“The purpose of the Commonwealth Government COVID-19 Response Inquiry (the Inquiry) is to identify lessons learned to improve Australia’s preparedness for future pandemics.” The Inquiry commenced on 21 September 2023 with the final report due by the end of September 2024.

“The following areas are not in scope for the COVID-19 Response Inquiry:

  • Actions taken unilaterally by state and territory governments.
  • International programs and activities assisting foreign countries.”

Australian Centre for Disease Control (CDC)

  • About the CDC
    • Australia’s International Health Regulatory body as required by the WHO
    • The interim CDC is headed by Chief Medical Officer Professor Paul Kelly and is part of the Department of Health and Aged Care.
    • Launched on 1 January 2024, the CDC will build on Australia’s capabilities following the WHO One Health approach and Health Security
    • One Health is “an integrated, unifying approach that aims to sustainably balance and optimize the health of people, animals and ecosystems.” Now removed from IHR’s as a result of the WHO 77th World Health Assembly held 27 May to 1 June 2024 but effectively incorporated in the management of disease control as part of the CDC’s remit
    • Health Security is “the activities required, both proactive and reactive, to minimise the danger and impact of acute public health events that endanger people’s health across geographical regions and international boundaries.”
    • The CDC has been created after recent health emergencies (COVID-19, Japanese encephalitis virus, Monkeypox, 2019-20 bushfires) to “improve the way we prepare for and respond to emergencies in the future.”
    • CDC Interim functions
      • health alerts
      • emergency health management, including management of the National Medical Stockpile
      • communicable diseases
      • national and international disease surveillance
      • environmental health.
    • The CDC will work with a range of stakeholders including the:
    • The CDC activates the National Incident Centre which is responsible for undertaking the duties and responsibilities of Australia’s National International Health Regulations (IHR) Focal Point, as designated by the International Health Regulations (2005).

Federal, State and Local Government impact

Example 1 – Biosecurity: QLD

Federal ImpactState ImpactLocal Impact
The Biosecurity Act 2015 has been amended eight times since 25 March 2020. Amendments included: a Corona virus economic response, traveller declarations and strengthening of penalties. This Act replaced the Quarantine Act.

The Biosecurity Act 2015 is administered by the Federal Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry and the Federal Department of Health and Aged Care.

The Government implemented Emergency Powers during COVID-19 to override some of the requirements under the Biosecurity Act 2015.
The Biosecurity Act 2014 (QLD). This Act has several purposes including:

Section:

4(1a) – to provide a framework for an effective biosecurity system for Queensland.

4(1c) - to help align responses to biosecurity risks in the State with national and international obligations and requirements for accessing markets for animal and plant produce, including live animals and plants.

4(2) – to manage risks associated with 4(2a) emerging, endemic and exotic pests and diseases, 4(2b) – the transfer of diseases from animals to humans and from humans to animals, and 4(2c) – biological, chemical and physical contaminants in carriers.
The Local Government Act 2009 (LGA) (QLD). Under this Act, a local government is authorised to make and enforce any local law that is necessary or convenient for the good rule and local government of its area.

Typically, this relates to: businesses, roads and other infrastructure, stormwater, Indigenous affairs, rates, fees, enforcing local government acts, powers to enter peoples’ properties etc.

Rockhampton Region Council has the following Act which relates to the Biosecurity Act 2014 (QLD). They are: the Rockhampton Regional Council Local Law 3 (Community and Environmental Management) 2011 which refers to the Biosecurity Act 2014 (QLD).

“The purpose of this local law is to protect the environment and public health, safety and amenity within the local government’s area.”

It has the power to declare an Emergency Declaration which is in effect for 3 months and applies to the whole of the local government’s area or in a specified part or parts of the area. This may have been used for COVID-19 lockdowns; however, it is most relevant to control animal and plant pests.
The information below shows the key roles and responsibilities in adhering to the Biosecurity Act. They are taken from the following document: Information on Managing Biosecurity Risk: Human Health – Biosecurity Training on the Department of Health and Aged Care website.
Director of Human Biosecurity:

• is the Commonwealth Medical Officer (CMO) who authorises human health officials
must have required medical training to manage human diseases
• has some joint responsibilities with the Director of Biosecurity related to first points of entry of an international vessel or aircraft
• Can appoint a nurse or paramedic to undertake specified functions during a human biosecurity emergency.

Biosecurity Enforcement Officers have the powers to investigate and monitor compliance with the Act.
Chief Human Biosecurity Officer:

• authorised by the CMO
• one in each state/territory ie Chief Health Officer (CHO)
must be a medical practitioner
• essentially the same powers as Human Biosecurity Officers
• Key contact for Commonwealth for biosecurity matters and emergencies
• Have powers to impose, vary or revoke a human biosecurity control order on an individual
• Department of Health employees, state and territory health employees and members of the Australian Defence Force can be authorised as human biosecurity officers.
Local Government authorities work with the State/Territory CHO to implement local biosecurity requirements in declared human health response zones, for, example:

• the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
• isolation requirements
• providing contact information and when entering and leaving zones
• monitoring health zones
• restricting entry to human health zones.
Federal Impact
The Biosecurity Act applies to:
• Travelling or sending goods to Australia and external territories
• Importing goods into Australia and external territories
• Ballast water management
• Monitoring pests and diseases (human, plant and animal)
• Declaring biosecurity emergencies

Under the Act, the Chief Medical Officer can issue a Human Biosecurity Control Order to:
• Impose an isolation measure – passenger has to remain isolated at a specified medical facility
• Impose a traveller movement measure to prevent the passenger from leaving Australia up to a maximum of 28 days and any other new measure can be imposed as required

The Governor-General on the advice from the Health Minister, Chief Medical Officer, may declare a human biosecurity emergency to manage the risk of a Listed Human Disease. This can be established for up to 3 months and can be extended if required. The requirements may include:
• Requirements when entering or leaving specified places
• Requirements to restrict or prevent the movement of persons, goods or conveyances in or between specified places
• Requirements for specified places to be evacuated
• Requirements of the World health Organization under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005).

The Health Minister can also give directions to control or prevent the spread of disease within Australia and to other countries and as per recommendations of the WHO.

Example 2 – Gene Technology (GMO’s): NSW

Federal ImpactState ImpactLocal Impact
Gene Technology Act 2000.

The object of this Act is to protect the health and safety of people, and to protect the environment, by identifying risks posed by or as a result of gene technology, and by managing those risks through regulating certain dealings with GMOs. This Act has been amended by the Gene Technology Amendment Act 2015.

Gene Technology Amendment Act 2015if mRNA vaccines are determined to be genetically modified organisms (GMOs), which they currently are not, this Act will need to be amended in conjunction with the TGA, which is responsible for the safety, quality and effectiveness for a therapeutic vaccine product.

The Gene Technology Amendment Act 2015 is administered by the Department of Health and Aged Care (Office of the Gene Technology Regulator).

Australia’s gene technology regulatory scheme is a nationally consistent scheme comprising of Commonwealth, and state and territory legislation, committees and Prescribed Authorities. Find out more about regulating GMOs.

The Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) consults with prescribed authorities:
Gene Technology (New South Wales) Act 2003 No 11.

Section 5 of the Act states: Application of Commonwealth gene technology laws to this State:

(1) The Commonwealth gene technology laws, as in force for the time being, apply as a law of this State.

(2) Those Commonwealth gene technology laws so apply as if they extended to matters in relation to which this State may make laws:
(a) whether or not the Commonwealth may make laws in relation to those matters, and
(b) even though the Commonwealth gene technology laws provide that they apply only to specified matters with respect to which
the Commonwealth may make laws.

Other States have regulations which may have greater impact, for example, Victoria which has a Gene Technology Regulations 2021, which may or may not, have been amended to take into account the mRNA factory being built in Victoria.

Other State/Territory Acts and Regulations:

VIC
Gene Technology Act 2001
Gene Technology Regulations 2021

QLD
Gene Technology (Queensland) Act 2016

WA
Follows the Commonwealth Act

SA
Gene Technology Act 2001
Gene Technology Regulations 2017

TAS
Gene Technology (Tasmania) Act 2012

ACT
Gene Technology Act 2003
Gene Technology Regulations 2004

NT
Gene Technology (Northern Territory) Act 2004
The State regulator works with local councils as applicable. No specific actions known at this time, but other States/Territories may have some local requirements.

Smart Cities Case Study

Smart cities case study

Creating Smart Cities or 15 Minute Cities has been increasingly on the world agenda with Australia embracing the initiative at state, regional, metropolitan and local levels. A Smart City, defined in the Standards Australia ‘Smart Cities Standards Roadmap’ is “generally defined in terms of a city’s goals enabled by data and technology.” The Smart City concept “covers the complete life cycle of city assets, processes and operations from ideation to design, build and maintenance.”

The Smart City concept has been developed based on international initiatives and influenced by a Federal Government report released in 2018: Building Up and Moving Out. “The Committee recommends that the Australian Government, in conjunction with State and Territory governments, and in combination with the governance arrangements set out in Recommendation 28, develop a national plan of settlement, providing a national vision for our cities and regions across the next fifty years.”

Why should Australians be concerned?

The Smart Cities concept is about surveillance and control through the increasing use of technology and can be neatly summed up by this acronym:

Self
Monitoring
Analysis
Reporting
Technology

You’ve probably noticed the increased numbers of cameras being installed particularly around traffic zones (crossings, highways, new housing estates) and traffic/human sensors in council areas and parks. These installations are supposedly for our safety and to make better use of public assets, but they are also being installed for surveillance and monitoring - to identify, track, control and restrict our movement and to change the way services are delivered.

Australia has effectively outsourced much of its manufacturing industries to countries like China where the cost of manufacturing (labour costs and energy costs) are much lower than in Australia. If we import surveillance products from other countries then we need to be very sure that any data they collect is not going back to those countries. China is our largest trading partner. According to the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the top three imports from China in 2023 were $9.7 billion in telecom, equipment and parts, $7 billion in computers, and $6.3 billion in cars.

Go here and do stuff: Take Action

Geofencing

Geofencing, according to the MakeUseOf website “is a technology that uses location information from a smart device—like GPS, RFID, or Wi-Fi—to track whether a device is inside or outside a “fence,” a virtual boundary around an area in the real world. The technology is used for a variety of purposes, like security, location tracking, and advertising.” With ‘geofencing’ being installed in new motor vehicles, an alert will be triggered if you cross a physical boundary. With new electric vehicles, there is already the capability to remotely turn off the power to your car. With the addition of geofencing, the government/a corporation will be able to cut your power if you leave a designated area if they choose to restrict your movement.

You can block geofencing by changing settings in your apps to opt out of their geofencing program, change the setting on your phone to prevent third parties from using GPS data or deactivate GPS tracking in your car. Consider using a Virtual Private Network (VPN) which allows you to hide your IP from advertisers.

International Level

UN

  • The 2030 Agenda - 17 Sustainable Development Goals, in particular
    • Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure – build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
    • Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities – make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

WEF

The G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance is run by the World Economic Forum. It is “A global community dedicated to establishing and advancing global policy norms for the responsible and ethical use of smart city technologies.” Australia has two cities under this Alliance – Melbourne (VIC) and Newcastle (NSW) and a number of smart cities/regions which are being developed across Australia.

The WEF has 10 Centres “to build communities of purpose essential to addressing large-scale global challenges.” The following Centres have particular relevance to smart cities:

G20

  • Relevant Working Groups include: Development and the Digital Economy.

SMART CITIES COUNCIL

The Smart Cities Council was founded in 2012 and is “the world’s largest and longest-running membership-based Social Impact Organisation for Smart Cities, Smart Buildings, and Technology.” It has a growing list of Australian cities and councils participating in becoming a smart city.

Domestic Level

Federal Government Strategy

In 2018, according to the Smart Cities Standards Roadmap, the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Infrastructure, Transport and Cities published their Building Up and Moving Out Report, including Recommendation 18:

“The Committee recommends that Standards Australia develop a ‘standards roadmap’ for Australia, including:

  • Identifying the standards required in each sector to unlock the benefits of connected Australian cities; and
  • Developing standards in strategic priority areas, including standards to safeguard the interoperability of IoT and other Smart Cities technologies.”

The Report had 37 recommendations including issues such as:

  • A national plan of settlement for the next 50 years
  • Extend the Smart Cities and Suburbs Program and the Future Ready Incubation Package indefinitely
  • Development of integrated master plans for States and Territories, regions and communities which link vertically across different levels of government, and horizontally
  • A hub-and-spoke concept for development of cities and regions outside major metropolitan centres
  • Development of fast transit between cities and regions and development of a fast rail or high-speed rail network connecting principal urban centres
  • Development of a national freight network
  • Provide additional funding and support to local governments
  • Promote development of a public transport network for a 30-minute city
  • Lead a joint federal, state and local government housing affordability response

As a result of the Standing Committee Report, Standards Australia developed a “Smart Cities Standards Roadmap.” The Roadmap is a guide for developing and implementing a smart city in Australia. Standards Australia is a member of the Smart Cities Council.

Goals of the Smart Cities Standards Roadmap are to:

  1. Support the implementation of existing Smart Cities framework and policies
  2. Improve knowledge sharing and collaboration within Australia
  3. Ensure Australia can influence Smart Cities global and national standards development
  4. Improve data accessibility and interoperability across Australia
  5. Support Australian communities’ development of Smart Cities strategies and initiatives.

Federal, State and Local Government impact

Examples of the impact of Smart City technology

Federal ImpactState ImpactLocal Impact
ABC calls for national automatic number plate recognition system to crack down on crime

On 4 April 2024, the Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC) published a draft determination and rule for accelerating smart meter deployment by 2030. It is their first step to modernise and digitise the energy system. The consultation period ended on 30 May 2024 with the final report due on 11 July 2024.

“The smart meters will support the cost-effective decarbonisaton of the energy market.”

Under the AEMC’s Competition in metering rules, which started in December 2017, all new meters must be advanced or ‘smart’.

Find out how to opt out of having a smart meter.

According to the ABC, the impact of a smart meter is:

• It measures how much electricity a household uses and when
• It automatically transmits your energy usage in five or 30-minute intervals to your energy retailer
• That the electricity companies use the information to calculate your energy bill
• It records how much energy goes from your solar panels back to the grid

The High Speed Rail Authority commenced on 13 Jun 2023 to plan for a future High Speed Rail Network to connect Brisbane, Sydney, Canberra, Melbourne and regional communities across the east coast of Australia. The first stage is the Sydney to Newcastle connection. The business case will be presented to the Australian Government by the end of 2024.
The SmartNSW Roadmap 2022-2027 - tackling urban challenges using technologies and data to:

• Improve social cohesion and inclusion
• Boost biodiversity, sustainability and green infrastructure
• Reduce congestion and improve the way people and goods move efficiently and safely
• Tackle urban heat and impacts of climate change
• Decarbonise our economy and drive to net zero emissions by 2050
• Drive towards a zero-waste state.

Some examples include:

QLD government use of automated number plate recognition cameras

Massive expansion of automatic number plate recognition across WA

Automated number plate recognition surveillance during COVID-19

VIC Sheriff’s officers use automatic number plate recognition to identify vehicles that have outstanding warrants and fines

The Sunshine Coast Council (QLD) has a Smart City Framework and Implementation Plan 2022-2025. Some examples of what smart city technologies are doing include: collecting environmental data, human movement, monitoring barbecue use and public waste bin use, and turning on/off street lights.

The Gold Coast Council has installed a commercial-grade Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) which enables diversified large-scale Internet of Things (IoT) applications throughout the Gold Coast. This has enabled flashing school speed signs, pedestrian flow counters, automatic water meter reading and BBQ monitoring devices.

The Energex PeakSmart air conditioning rewards program provides south-east Queenslanders with incentives of up to $400 for purchasing a PeakSmart air conditioner or converting an existing one. It is a solution to help manage peak electricity demand.

Smart technology can enable the energy provider/government to remotely turn off or reduce your ability to access the electricity supply during peak times.

TAS. The Greater Launceston Transformation Project (GLTP) is a $10.4 million collaboration between the Australian and Tasmania Governments, City of Launceston, West Tamar, Meander Valley and George Town Councils, University of Tasmania and Telstra.

It includes 14 smart city projects which include:
• New 3D virtual city modelling tools to transform city planning
• Development of a community co-designed innovation framework and hub
• Use of smart technology in aged care and emergency response systems
• Management of traffic flows and congestion
• Digitisation of high-value cultural assets
• Roll out of the Internet of Things (IoT) to 42 local schools
• Completion of the Southern Growth Traffic Modelling study.
Shared Government responsibilities
The Federal Government ran a Smart Cities and Suburbs Program Grant opportunity in 2017. The $50 million Program was to support projects that apply innovative technology-based solutions to urban challenges. The program encourages eligible organisations - local governments, private companies, research organisations and not for profit bodies – to deliver collaborative smart city projects that improve the liveability, productivity and sustainability of Australian cities, suburbs and towns. Find out more about the projects which received funding.

Current smart cities, councils and regions

The information below shows some of the smart cities and regions being implemented across Australia. It is by no means exhaustive. Some States have road maps, and some do not. You can also find out about some of the initiatives from the Australia Smart City Association.

NSW State
NSW has a SmartNSW Roadmap 2022-2027 which outlines the government’s plan to deliver outcomes using technology and data solutions.

NSW Smart Cities
1. City of Newcastle
2. Lake Macquarie City
3. Lismore

NSW Smart Regions
1. Smart Western City Program
2. Smart Central River City Program
3. A connected Tech Central for the Eastern Harbour City
4. Smart Central Coast Program
5. Smart Illawarra-Shoalhaven Program
6. Smart Lower Hunter Program

NSW Local Councils
1. Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council

QLD Smart Cities
1. Brisbane City
2. City of Gold Coast
3. Ipswich
4. Sunshine Coast

QLD Local Councils
1. Moreton Bay Regional Council
VIC Smart Cities
1. City of Melbourne

VIC Local Councils
1. Yarra Ranges Council
2. The Flinders Ranges Council

SA Smart Cities
1. City of Marion
2. City of Norwood Payneham & St Peters
3. City of Salisbury

SA Local Councils
1. Campbell town City Council
2. Port Pirie Regional Council

WA Smart Cities
1. City of Perth

NT Smart Cities
1. City of Darwin

TAS Smart Cities
1. Hobart
2. Launceston

ACT Smart Cities
1. Canberra

Digital ID Case Study

Digital ID case study

According to the Australian Government, a Digital ID system enables individuals to safely and securely verify their ID online to access online services. In Australia, you will be able to choose who you create your Digital ID with – a Commonwealth, state or territory Digital ID provider, or an industry Digital ID provider. “Digital ID providers within the Australian Government Digital ID System can’t track which services you access - this is a privacy and security protection built into Australian Government Digital ID System - and ensures data is stored, transmitted and disposed of securely.” Digital ID is likely to include capturing biometric data.

Why should Australians be concerned?

The Federal Government will be centralising all of your personal data in one place to create your unique Digital ID. While this sounds convenient when accessing government services and some private services, there are very strong concerns over data privacy, hacking by scammers and the selling of your personal data on the Dark Web. At this stage, using Digital ID is voluntary but this may change in the future.

In line with the Federal Governments digital ID agenda, the States and Territories are increasingly developing and implementing their own Digital ID to access government services.

Go here and do stuff: Take Action

International Level

UN

  • The 2030 Agenda - 17 Sustainable Development Goals, in particular
    • Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure – build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
    • Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities – make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

WEF

The WEF strongly supports digital ID outlining benefits to all areas of the world in which we live. From global trade to public infrastructure to digital ID on second-hand clothes. A key documents is “A Blueprint for Digital Identity. The Role of Financial Institutions in Building Digital Identity” produced in August 2016.

Another booklet is “Reimagining Digital ID” in June 2023 which discusses the risks and challenges of decentralised ID. A common statement in the booklet is “Decentralized ID could offer a means of improving individual control and access while enhancing efficiency and effectiveness.”

 The WEF has 10 Centres “to build communities of purpose essential to addressing large-scale global challenges.” The following Centres have particular relevance to digital ID:

G20

Domestic Level

The Digital ID Bill 2024, together with the Digital ID (Transitional and Consequential Provisions) Bill 2024, passed Parliament in May 2024. The Commonwealth is currently in the process of establishing the Rules under with it will operate Digital ID. The intention of the Bills are to “provide individuals with secure, convenient, voluntary and inclusive ways to verify their identity for use in online transactions with government and businesses.”

The Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (ACCC) is the initial Digital ID regulator. The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC) will regulate the privacy aspects of the Digital Bill System. Consultation on the Digital ID Accreditation Rules and Data Standards closed on 25 June 24.

Key issues about the Bill:

  • “The Bill legislates a voluntary accreditation scheme for Digital ID service providers.”
  • “The Bill provides for civil penalties and certain enforcement powers for the Regulator to help promote compliance.”
  • The Bill “will facilitate the reciprocal or shared use of Digital IDs between public and private sector.”

Federal legislation impacted

 Competition and Consumer Act 2010 –this Act is administered by the following Federal agencies and they will no doubt have legislation that is affected as a result of Digital ID:

    • Attorney-General's Department
    • Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water
    • Department of Industry, Science and Resources
    • Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, Communications and the Arts
    • Department of the Treasury

Federal, State and Local Government impact

Federal ImpactState ImpactLocal Impact
myGov – to access government services from one place
Digital ID - to access government services online.
States are moving progressively towards digital ID through various apps and processes. The information below is current at 7 July 2024.

State myGov Accounts:
NSW
QLD
WA
SA
ACT

Digital Drivers’ Licences:
NSW
VIC
QLD
SA

Digital ID Solutions
TAS – Digital State – digital community, digital economy, digital government
NT – Digital Identity Solution
The impact at the local level will be a flow-on effect from the Federal and State Digital ID implementation and will vary depending on the will of the various local councils.

CBDC Case Study

CBDCs case study

CBDC is a Central Bank Digital Currency which is a digital equivalent of bank notes and coins. According to McKinsey & Company, CBDCs are digital currencies issued by central banks and are not tied to a physical commodity. Their value is linked to the issuing country’s official currency. At present, 87 countries—representing more than 90 percent of global GDP—are exploring CBDCs.

Increasingly, since COVID-19 we, as consumers, have been actively discouraged from using physical cash, bank branches have been closing and ATM’s have been removed forcing us to use digital methods to buy and sell goods and services.

Why should Australians be concerned?

Australians should be concerned as we move away from a cash economy to one which becomes much more highly regulated by the Government. The move away from cash to a digital currency enables greater surveillance on how, and on what, you spend your money. Consumers who like the convenience of digital money have no concerns about losing cash or having their expenditure monitored as most feel they have nothing to hide.

But, the introduction of CBDC’s and the decline in businesses and government agencies refusing to use cash is of concern. With the government introducing the Communications Legislation Amendment (Combatting Misinformation and Disinformation) Bill 2023, this may lead to banks and therefore the government to close your bank accounts, restrict your access based on your social media accounts, a social credit or a carbon credit score. CBDC’s, as much as they are about convenience, they also come at the cost of surveillance and potential restrictions.

According to the US Atlantic Council, the concerns about CBDC’s include:

  • Protecting citizens’ privacy
  • Safeguarding national security concerning the collection and use of data about financial transactions of individuals and firms
  • Interoperability
  • Cybersecurity safeguards
  • Strict parameters around the use of programmability which can restrict the unfettered use of digital money compared to cash

The US Atlantic Council also has a tracker on countries who have established CBDC’s.

Other concerns include:

  • Restriction on using and accessing your own money
  • Loss of the use of cash for transactions
  • Surveillance and tracking of your expenditure
  • Restrictions on access to money in your bank account
  • CBDC’s are vulnerable to cyber attacks

By the end of 2023, over 130 central banks representing 98 percent of global GDP were expected to have initiated programs to develop central bank digital currencies (CBDCs). The current leaders at the end of 2023 were: the Euro Area, the UK, Sweden, Singapore, China and several developing countries. The United States remains conspicuous by its absence.

Go here and do stuff: Take Action

International Level

UN

The UN published a Briefing on August 2022 about the prospects and challenges of introducing a central bank digital currency. The 2030 Agenda - 17 Sustainable Development Goals, in particular that relate to CDBC’s are:

  • Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.
  • Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

WEF

The WEF has 10 Centres “to build communities of purpose essential to addressing large-scale global challenges.” The following Centres have particular relevance to CBDC’s:

  •  The Centre for Financial and Monetary Systems is designing and developing a financial system that effectively allocates capital and investment in support of planet, people, and communities.
  • The Centre for Regions, Trade and Geopolitics is helping stakeholders shape progress on global and regional priorities within the most complex geopolitical and geo-economic landscape in decades.
  • The Centre for Cybersecurity is reinforcing the importance of cybersecurity as a strategic priority and drives global public-private action to address systemic cybersecurity challenges.

G20

  • Relevant Working Groups include: Digital Economy.

Overseas examples

Domestic Level

  • The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) is currently researching CBDC’s to use as a complement to existing forms of money. Various organisations including local councils, sport and entertainment events and some businesses are only accepting digital forms of payment. Many banks are closing branches and ATM’s and some banks are digital only including: Macquarie Bank, Ubank (owned by NAB), ING, RaboDirect, ME Bank, Easy Street. Note: this list is not exhaustive.

Managed Relocation Case Study

Managed relocations case study

According to an article in BioScience published in 2012, “Managed relocation is defined as the movement of species, populations, or genotypes to places outside the areas of their historical distributions to maintain biological diversity or ecosystem functioning with changing climate. It has been claimed that a major extinction event is under way and that climate change is increasing its severity.”

“Projections indicating that climate change may drive substantial losses of biodiversity have compelled some scientists to suggest that traditional management strategies are insufficient. The managed relocation of species is a controversial management response to climate change. The published literature has emphasized biological concerns over difficult ethical, legal, and policy issues. Furthermore, ongoing managed relocation actions lack scientific and societal engagement.”

Managed Relocation or Managed Retreat (Planned Retreat) are other terms used. Kate Mason, in her Substack, goes into more detail on these issues including the rezoning of land to a flood zone and the impact on property prices.

Why should Australians be concerned?

The Australian Government is using the unscientific claims of ‘climate emergency’, ‘global warning’ and the Paris Climate Change Agreement to drive net-zero emissions activities, climate change and weather modification activities along with disaster management strategies to force people to relocate from their homes and their areas for the ‘greater good’ of Australia.

Speaking to SkyNews in 2022, Geologist Professor Ian Plimer argues Australia is already at net zero because the nation's wealth of vegetation sequesters more carbon dioxide than the output of the population. ”If you do the sums, for our 7.6 million square kilometres in this country, we absorb more than we emit.”

Go here and do stuff: Take Action

International Level

UN

  • The 2030 Agenda - 17 Sustainable Development Goals, in particular
    • Goal 7 – Affordable and clean energy – ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy.
    • Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure – build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
    • Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities – make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
    • Goal 15: Life on land – sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss
  • The UN has annual Climate Change Conferences. In 2023, at the Conference of the Parties (COP28), the first global stocktake was concluded to see how countries and stakeholders are making progress to meet the goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement – A legally binding international treaty on climate change effective 4 November 2016. The stocktake concluded that the world is not on track to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  • The Kyoto Protocol was an instrument made under the UN Climate Change Convention. “The Kyoto Protocol operationalizes the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change by committing industrialized countries and economies in transition to limit and reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions in accordance with agreed individual target.”
  • The Kyoto Protocol (1997) was amended by the Doha Amendment in 2012 and was superseded by the Paris Climate-Change Agreement in 2020. “The Paris Agreement aims to ‘strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change’, and its stated goal, in Article 2 of the Agreement, is to limit the increase in the global average temperature to ‘well below 2 °C’ above pre‑industrial levels.”

WEF

The WEF has 10 Centres “to build communities of purpose essential to addressing large-scale global challenges.” The following Centres have particular relevance to CBDC’s:

  • The Centre for Urban Transformation is advancing public-private collaboration in cities, enabling more resilient and future-ready communities and local economies.
  • The Centre for Nature and Climate is accelerating net-zero climate action, regenerates food, water and ocean systems, and promotes circular economies.
  • The Centre for Energy and Materials is driving initiatives and coalitions to ensure the energy transition is sustainable, secure, resilient and affordable.

G20

  • Relevant Working Groups include: Agriculture, Energy Transitions, and Climate and Environmental Sustainability.

Domestic Level

According to the Parliament of Australia website, Australia announced its ratification of the Paris Agreement on 10 November 2016. Australia is a party to the UN Climate Change Convention which entered into force in 1994. The Kyoto Protocol/Doha Amendment/Paris Agreement obliges countries, including Australia, to reduce their Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

 

Net Zero

In a report to the UN in 2015, Australia, intended to implement an economy-wide target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26 to 28 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030. According to an Australian Government report "Australia State of the Environment," in 2021, Australia updated its nationally determined contribution to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, affirming a target of net zero emissions by 2050.”

To achieve this net zero emissions target has resulted in significant Government investment in green energy proposals and implementation (wind farms and solar farms). These are increasingly being found to be ineffective, high cost, requiring massive new infrastructure and unable to supply enough power unless supported by existing base-load energy supplies such as coal-fired power stations.

The Climate Council is “Australia’s own independent, evidence-based organisation on climate science, impacts and solutions.” They have a range of information and news information about climate change and their mission is to help Australia achieve net zero emissions by 2035. They are highly biased towards the ‘climate emergency concept’ without demonstrable evidence to back this up. In a 2022 report, they stated that one in twenty five Australian properties will be effectively uninsurable by 2030, due to rising risks of extreme weather and climate change

Compulsory land acquisition

According to Boss Lawyers:

  • “The Acquisition of Land Act 1967 (the Act) enables ‘constructing authorities’ to acquire land for public purposes. Constructing authorities (also called acquiring or resuming authorities) include government agencies, local governments and some state-owned corporations.
  • The Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy is the constructing authority for most government departments and acquires land for purposes such as schools and hospitals.
  • The Department of Transport and Main Roads can acquire land for transport infrastructure purposes to provide a better and safer transport network.
  • The Coordinator-General facilitates many of the large-scale infrastructure projects that underpin Queensland’s economic development. Sometimes the Coordinator-General needs to acquire, or resume, the land on which these projects are to be built.
  • Local governments can acquire land for purposes related to local government functions.”

“Overall, the state and trend of the environment of Australia are poor and deteriorating as a result of increasing pressures from climate change, habitat loss, invasive species, pollution and resource extraction. Changing environmental conditions mean that many species and ecosystems are increasingly threatened. Multiple pressures create cumulative impacts that amplify threats to our environment, and abrupt changes in ecological systems have been recorded in the past 5 years.”

NSW Example

Federal ImpactState ImpactLocal Impact
National Climate Resilience and Adaptation Strategy 2021-2025.

The Strategy sets “out what the Australian Government will do to support efforts across all levels of government, business and the community, to better anticipate, manage and adapt to the impacts of climate change.”

It complements the following:

• National Disaster Risk Reduction Framework
National Emergency Management Australia which is the merger of the National Recovery and Resilience Agency and Emergency Management Australia

The Strategy is managed by the Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water which outlines Australia’s climate change strategies:

Net Zero
Powering Australia
Emissions reduction incentives
Regulating emissions
Reporting on emissions
Adapting to climate change
Our climate change agencies
Annual Climate Change Statement
Read more
“The NSW Reconstruction Authority has developed Australia’s first State Disaster Mitigation Plan (SDMP). This supports the NSW Government’s commitment to making our communities safer, more resilient and better prepared to face the challenges of disasters caused by natural hazards such as floods, bush fires, storms and cyclones and coastal erosion and inundation.”…”The Plan considers how climate change will impact risk to communities up to 2060.” It was released on 23 February 2024 and includes the managed relocation of people.

“The NSW Government is committed to strong action to mitigate climate change and to help deliver a low emissions scenario for the world. The state is a leader on climate change action with major initiatives like the Net Zero Plan Stage 1: 2020–2030, the Electric Vehicle Strategy and the Electricity Infrastructure Roadmap.”

Kate Mason, in her Substack, discusses the NSW State Disaster Mitigation Plan 2024-2026 in more detail.
AdaptNSW provides more information for communities, businesses, households, local councils and authorities, and government to adapt to climate change including:

• Research, resources for teachers, stories and case studies
• An interactive climate change projections map.

Is the climate changing?

Climate change zealots maintain that there is a climate emergency but when they present data to support their claims, they present only a brief time period. Their evidence doesn’t reflect that the climate is always changing and there are cyclical periods of climate changes where the earth goes through warming and cooling periods. The effect of humans on climate change is contentious amongst ‘experts’.

The examples below indicate how humans are actively having an impact on climate which in turn is affecting or increasing managed relocations.

Geoengineering, Cloud seeding, and Chemtrails and Contrails

According to Britannica, geoengineering is “the large-scale manipulation of a specific process central to controlling Earth’s climate for the purpose of obtaining a specific benefit.” This was first developed in the mid-20th century based on technology developed during World War II. One of the earliest techniques was cloud seeding. More recent geoengineering activities have focussed on activities to affect ‘the perceived global warming taking place’ including reflecting incoming solar radiation (ie dimming) and attempts to remove CO2 from the air by changing it into other forms of carbon and then burying it.

GeoEngineering Watch has a range of information on their website about what’s happening around the world regarding weather and climate modification activities:

History of Cloud Seeding in Australia

According to a 2004 Government report, cloud seeding and weather modification has been occurring in Australia since the late 1950’s. “Cloud seeding is a procedure to attempt to artificially generate precipitation from clouds….. Cloud seeding from a plane uses silver iodide burners, dry ice pellets or hygroscopic flares. Clouds can be seeded from the ground using silver iodide generators.” While this report does not reflect more recent cloud seeding activities it shows how long the Government has been conducting weather modifications. Tasmania has been the most prolific user of cloud seeding techniques, from 1964 to at least 1998.

 Cloud seeding timeline examples in Australia:

  • 1950’s and early 1960s – the CSIRO performed cloud seeding in the Snowy Mountains, York Peninsular (SA), New England district (NSW), Warragamba Dam catchment (NSW)
  • 1965 – 1971 – the State Governments of VIC, NSW, QLD, SA, TAS and WA all undertook cloud seeding operations
  • 1972-1975 - the CSIRO conducted cloud seeding in Emerald, QLD and in 1979-1980 in Western VIC
  • 1980 – 1982 – the WA government conducted trials in the northern wheat belt
  • 1988 – 1992 – the VIC government, in conjunction with the CSIRO, conducted cloud seeding 120km east of Melbourne
  • 1994 – Hydro Tasmania was retained by the NSW Government to conduct cloud seeding in Tamworth for drought relief

Other more recent Australian examples:

  • 2006 – QLD Cloud Seeding Research Program
  • 2008 – QLD south-east QLD catchments, $7.6m
  • 2012 – NSW Government legislated for an ongoing Snowy Hydro cloud seeding from 2013 onwards
  • 2021 – 2023 – QLD cloud brightening in a bid to cool Great Barrier Reef
  • 2024 – Snowy Hydro announces it is pausing cloud seeding operations in 2024 pending a program review.

International examples of cloud seeding or climate modification:

  • 2022 – Scientists in the US are flying planes into clouds to make it snow more
  • 2023 – UAE Climate Tech – Transform. Decarbonize. Future Proof.
  • 2024 – Work starts on ‘revolutionary’ new UAE cloud seeding project.

Chemtrails and Contrails

There is much debate on chemtrails and contrails and many photos posted on Facebook. Published information suggests that chemtrails are a conspiracy, although even Adobe Stock is posting photos of Chemtrails.

Here are two photos from Adobe Stock (21 July 2024).

Blue sky above the clouds
Blue sky above the clouds
Blue sky with chemical clouds
Blue sky with chemical clouds

Blue sky above the clouds, with chemtrails

Blue sky with chemical clouds chemtrails on sunny day Germany

Here is what the HowStuffWorks website has to say about chemtrails and contrails:

"Chemtrails” are often believed to be chemicals released from aircraft, with conspiracy theories suggesting various purposes, such as weather manipulation, radar mapping for defense, or combating global warming through albedo modification.”

 “When a jet engine emits hot, humid air into an atmosphere that is so cold and has low vapor pressure, the result is condensation. The water vapor coming out of the engine quickly condenses into water droplets and then crystallizes into ice. The ice crystals are the clouds that we see forming behind the engine. That is why the streaks we see are called contrails, short for "condensation trails."

High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP)

The High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) is a scientific endeavour to study the properties and behaviour of the ionosphere. The HAARP is a project at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. HAARP is the world's most capable high-power, high-frequency transmitter for study of the ionosphere.

Information on HAARP is somewhat difficult to find, but it is believed that countries around the world, including Australia, have HAARP facilities and that HAARP can modify weather. It is believed that there is a HAARP location at Moree (NSW) and Port Headland (WA).

Countries have been experimenting with using HAARP for a range of activities:

  • 2010 – US Military
  • 2015 – US Military
  • 2022 – use in Australia on protestors (anecdotal) and for cloud formation (anecdotal)
  • 2022 – new experiments in Alaska
  • 2023 – Alaska – to create artificial auroras.

Directed Energy Weapons (DEW)

Are Directed Energy Weapons affecting climate? Maybe. The Australian Airforce released a report ‘Directed Energy Weapons. Playing with Quantum Fire’ in 2020. The intention of the report is to explore how Directed Energy Weapons can enhance the Air Force’s capability.

“DEW damage mechanisms can range from the low-energy temporary dazzling of aircraft/spacecraft optical sensors, inflicting heat discomfort and injury to combatants, to high-energy catastrophic damage of material systems including aircraft and spacecraft.”

“A DEW is a weapon system that uses an energy source and a pointing system to control the delivery of electromagnetic energy (ie electromagnetic, laser, microwave, photonic energy, and nuclear radiation) as a means to damage or destroy enemy equipment, facilities, or injure enemy personnel.”

The Department of Defence has a Fact Sheet ‘High-power radio-frequency directed energy weapons’ and is currently investigating their use.

Directed Energy Weapons have been thought to have caused the massive fires in Maui in Hawaii in August 2023 and fires in California and Greece.

About Australia

For general information on Australia, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade has released a booklet called “Australia in Brief.” It reminds us that we are a democracy and that we have the following core defining values:

  • Freedom of election and being elected
  • Freedom of speech, expression and religious belief
  • Freedom of assembly and political participation
  • Rule of law
  • Other basic human rights.

“Australia in Brief provides an authoritative introduction to this remarkable land, its people and their way of life, looking at Australia’s economic, social, scientific and cultural achievements, and its foreign, trade and defence policies.”

The Contents are:

  • Snapshot of Australia
  • Indigenous Australians
  • Australians: who we are
  • Strong and open economy
  • Australia and the world
  • Regional and global engagement
  • World-class education system
  • Leading world-class medical research and health systems
  • Sporting excellence
  • Snapshot of Australia’s creative sector
  • Visiting Australia
  • Legal information
  • Reference list.

What is Sovereignty?

According to the Council on Foreign Relations, “Sovereignty is the bedrock of international relations. The concept lays out basic rules for how countries are allowed to interact with one another. In principle, it means countries get to control what happens inside their borders and can’t interfere in what happens elsewhere. This protects countries from being invaded over internal matters.”

However, when countries enter international treaties (eg The WHO Pandemic Treaty) or join international organisations (eg the UN) they voluntarily give up some of their sovereignty. In effect, they forfeit their right to set their own rules and instead delegate specific powers to those bodies in return for the benefits of international cooperation.

What is the role of the Constitution?

“The Australian Constitution has properly been described as ‘the birth certificate of a nation’. It also provides the basic rules for the government of Australia. Indeed, the Constitution is the fundamental law of Australia binding everybody including the Commonwealth Parliament and the Parliament of each State. Accordingly, even an Act passed by a Parliament is invalid if it is contrary to the Constitution.” The Australian Constitution took effect on 1 January 1901.

 “The Constitution establishes a federal system of government. It is for this reason that the establishment of the Commonwealth in 1901 is often referred to as ‘federation’. Under a federal system, powers are distributed between a central government and regional governments. In Australia, that distribution is between the Commonwealth and the six States.”

“Section 122 empowers the Commonwealth Parliament to make laws in relation to Territories which have been ‘surrendered’ by the States or which have otherwise been acquired by the Commonwealth. In relation to these Territories (of which there are currently 10), the Commonwealth Parliament can make laws on any subject – that is, it does not share its law-making power with the State Parliaments as it does in relation to the States. The Commonwealth Parliament has conferred a large measure of self-government on the people of two of the Territories, namely the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory.”

Amending the Constitution

“The Constitution provides a mechanism by which it can be altered, called a referendum. Before there can be any change to the Constitution, a majority of electors must vote in favour of the change. In addition, there must be a majority vote in a majority of States, that is, in four out of the six States. (Further, a proposed amendment which would diminish the representation of a State in the Commonwealth Parliament or which would alter the territorial limits of a State must be approved by a majority of electors in that State.) Ordinarily, before a matter can be the subject of a referendum, both Houses of the Commonwealth Parliament must pass the proposed law containing the suggested amendment of the Constitution (section 128).”

 Find out more about the Constitution

 A plain English interpretation of the Constitution from Know Your Rights

International Law

According to the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, “Australia is committed to enhancing the adherence to international law to prevent conflict and restore peace and security.” Australia supports the International Criminal Court (ICC) and has contributed to the Rome Statute, the international humanitarian law, the International Law of the Sea, sanctions and cooperates to reduce counter-terrorism.

 When an international law is enacted, the Member States (ie Australia) are required to develop or amend domestic laws (Federal, State and Local laws) to accord with the international law. If Australia, chooses not to develop domestic laws they are required to notify the international agency eg the WHO or UN that they do not agree. See the Cases studies for examples of how this may apply.

Treaties

According to the Department of Foreign and Affairs and Trade:

“A treaty is an international agreement concluded in written form between two or more States (or international organisations) and is governed by international law. A treaty gives rise to international legal rights and obligations.

The power to enter into treaties is an Executive power within section 61 of the Australian Constitution. Given that any treaty necessarily involves an element of Australia's foreign relations, the Minister for Foreign Affairs and the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) have responsibility for treaties. DFAT’s International Law: Advising and Treaties Section (Treaties Section) is responsible for, and should be consulted on, all aspects of the treaty-making process.”

In Australia, the Parliamentary Committee in charge of international treaties is called the Joint Standing Committee on Treaties (JSCOT). If the Australian Government agrees to any treaty action that requires legislation to give effect to the treaty, then that legislation will be subject to Parliamentary processes. That gives us, the Australian public and Members of Parliament, a say in determining what that legislation entails through public consultation processes and parliamentary debate.

JSCOT has the power to hold inquiries and submits their reports to Parliament. The Department of Health and Aged Care are responsible for negotiating reforms to the International Health Regulations 2005 (IHR) with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).

Taking Action and Resources

Everyone has a role to play in creating change in the way Australia is run and to ensure we retain our democracy and sovereignty. You'll find a wide range of information and resources on this website:

Here's some quick links to give you some ideas:

Community

Members of Parliament

JSCOT

Aligned Council of Australia

Resources

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